Masonic Mementos

by Grand King REC Ross R. Black II

As the intent of Masonry is “To Take Good Men and Make Them Better” a constant theme in the ritual and work is to have each individual take the lessons in the written work and allegory to learn about building their own Temple.  The resources within the ritual are usually Biblical and so there are references elsewhere to be a guiding light.

The Masonic writings of old also serve as resources. These have been researched and studied through the years. Many sources of these studies are available through The Masonic Services Association.  There are also other libraries and repositories of materials.

One set of references alludes to the “Old Charges.”  The Thomas Carmick Manuscript refers to writings from 1727 where older documents are reviewed and referenced. The William Boyden Manuscript refers to the same sources noted in a document from about 1700.  The Haliwell Manuscript also makes a similar ancient reference.

They all refer to the REGIUS POEM. This ancient document alludes to the 7 Liberal Sciences of Grammar, Rhetoric, Dialect, Arithmetic, Geometry, Music and Astronomy. These are known to us in the Symbolic Degree Lectures. It also alludes to 15 Articles and 15 Points which are the basis for our Masonic Obligations and teachings.

As you review these musings and materials, consider they were reported to have from 926 AD/CE and the work of King Athelstan and Prince Edwin and all the Nobles, Knights, and Craftsmen of that time who agreed to a common basis of work, and who best can serve and all agree. Consider the applications of these materials to yourself in your life at home, at work and in the World.

Remember that the World only knows Masonry through the lives of Individual Masons. May you ever live, act and speak in such a way that all will know the high ideals for which we stand.

Consider that your work and efforts in Masonry are to learn about personal virtue while focusing on public prosperity.  So share these thoughts with Brethren and family and friends to spread the word of our history and our goals.

Also be mindful that reading and knowing the words is of no use if they are not practiced and lived.

Be further reminded that all good works are more worthily performed when done in secret.

Week 1 Oct. 8, 2017

Here begins the Constitutions of the
Art of Geometry according to Euclid.

Whoever will both well read and look
He may find written in old book
Of great Lords and also Ladies,
That had many children, certainly;
And had no income to keep them with,
Neither in town nor field nor enclosed wood;
A council together they could them take,
To ordain for these children’s sake,
How they might best lead their life
Without great disease, care, and strife;
And most for the multitude that was coming
Of their children after their ending.
They sent them after great clerks,
To teach them their good works.

Week 2 Oct. 15, 2017

And pray we them, for our Lord’s sake
To our children some work to make,
That they might get their living thereby,
Both well and honestly full securely
In that time, through good geometry,
This hones Craft of good Masonry
Was ordained and made in this manner,
Counterfeited of these clerks together;
At these lord’s prayers they counterfeited geometry,
And gave it the name of Masonry,
For the most honest craft of all.
These lords’ children thereto did fall,
To learn of him the craft of geometry,
The which he made full curiously;

Week 3 Oct. 22, 2017

Through Fathers’ prayers and mothers’ also,
This honest Craft he put them to.
He that learned best, and was of honesty,
And passed his fellows in curiosity,
If in that Craft he did him pass,
He should have more worship than the less.
This great clerk’s name was called Euclid,
His name it spread full wonder wide.
Yet this great clerk ordained he
To him that was higher in this degree,
That he should teach the simplest of wit
In that honest Craft to be perfect;
And so each one shall teach the other,
And love together as Sister and Brother.

Week 4 Oct. 29, 2017

Furthermore yet that ordained he,
Master called so should he be;
So that he were most Worshipped,
Then should he be so called:
But Masons should never one another call,
Within the Craft amongst them all,
Neither subject nor servant, my dear Brother,
Though he be not so perfect as is another;
Each shall call other Fellows by friendship,
Because they come of ladies’ birth.
On this manner, through good wit of geometry,
Begin first the Craft of Masonry:
The clerk Euclid on this wise it found,
This Craft of Geometry in Egypt land.

Week 5  Nov. 5, 2017

In Egypt he taught it full wide,
In diverse lands on every side;
Many years afterwards, I understand,
Ere that the Craft came into this land.
This Craft came into England, as I you say,
In time of good King Athelstan’s day;
He made then both hall and even bower,
And high temples of great honour,
To disport him in both day and night,
And to worship his God with all his might.
This good land loved this Craft full well,
And purposed to strengthen it every part,
For diverse faults that in the Craft he found;
He sent about into the land.

Week 6  Nov. 12, 2017

After all the Masons of the Craft
To come to him full even straight,
For to amend these faults all
By good counsel, if it might fall.
An Assembly then could let make
Of diverse lords in their state,
Dukes, Earls and Barons also,
Knights, Squires, and many more,
And the great Burgesses of that city,
That were there all in their degree;
There were there each one always,
To ordain for these Masons’ estate,
There they sought by their wit,
How they might govern it;
Fifteen Articles they there sought,
And Fifteen Points there they wrought.

Week 7   Nov. 19, 2017

Here Begins the First Article

The first Article of the Geometry:
The Master Mason must be full securely
Both steadfast, trusty and true,
It shall him then never rue:
And pay thy Fellows after the cost,
As victuals goeth then, well thou knowest;
And pay them truly, upon thy faith,
What they may deserve;
And to their hire take no more,
But what that they may serve for;
And spare neither for love nor dread,
Of neither parties to take no bribe;
Of lord nor fellow, whoever he be,
Of them thou take no manner of fee;
And as a judge stand upright,
And then thou doest to both good right;
And truly do this wheresoever thou goest,
Thy worship, thy profit, it shall be most.

Week 8  Nov. 26, 2017

Second Article

The second article of good masonry,
As you must it here hear specially,
That every master, that is a mason,
Must be at the general congregation,
So that he it reasonably be told
Where that the assembly shall be held;

And to that assembly he must needs go,
Unless he have a resonable excuse,
Or unless he be disobedient to that craft,
Or with falsehood is overtaken,
Or else sickness hath him so strong,
That he may not come them among;
That is an excuse good and able,
To that assembly without fable.

Week 9  Dec. 3, 2017

Third Article

The third article forsooth it is,
That the Master takes no 'prentice,
Unless he have good assurance to dwell
Seven years with him, as I you tell,
His Craft to learn, that is profitable;
Within less he may not be able
To lords’ profit, nor to his own
As you may know by good reason.

Week 10   Dec. 10, 2017

Fourth Article

The fourth article this must be,
That the Master him well besee,
That he no bondman “prentice make,
Nor for no covetousness do him make,
For the lord that he is bound to,
May fetch the “prentice wheresoever he go.
If in the Lodge he were taken,
Much disease it might there make,
And such case it might befall,
That it might grieve some or all.
For all the Masons the be there
Will stand together all together.
If such one in that Craft should dwell,
Of diverse diseases you might tell;
For more case then, and of honesty,
Take a ‘prentice of higher degree.
By old time written I find
That the ‘prentice should be of gentle kind:
And so sometime, great lords’ blood
Took this geometry that is full good.

Week 11    December 17, 2017

Fifth Article

The Fifth Article is very good,
So that the ‘prentice be of lawful blood;
The Master shall not, for no advantage,
Make no ‘prentice that is deformed;
It is to mean, as you may hear,
That he have his limbs whole all together;
To the Craft it were great shame,
To make a halt man and a lame,
For an imperfect man of such blood
Should do the Craft but little good.
Thus you may know every one,
The Craft would have a mighty man;
A maimed man he hath no might,
You must it know long ere night.

Week 12  December 24, 2017

Sixth Article

The Sixth Article you must not miss
That the Master do the lord no prejudice,
To take the lord for his ‘prentice,
As much as his fellows do, in all wise.
For in that Craft they be full perfect,
So is not he, you must see it.
Also it were against good reason,
To take his hire as his fellows do.
This same article in this case,
Judgeth his ‘prentice to take less
Than his fellows, that be full perfect.
In diverse matters, know requite it,
The Master may his ‘prentice so inform,
That his hire may increase full soon,
And ere his term come to an end,
His hire may full well amend.

Week 13    December 31, 2017

Seventh Article

The seventh article that is now here,
Full well will tell you all together,
That no Master for favor nor dread,
Shall no thief neither clothe nor feed.
Thieves he shall harbor never one,
Nor him that hath killed a man,
Not the same that hath a feeble name,
Lest it would turn the Craft to shame.

Week 14    January 7, 2018

Eighth Article

The eighth article showeth you so,
That the Master may it well do.
If that he have any man of Craft,
And he be not so perfect as he ought,
He may him change soon anon,
And take for him a more perfect man.
Such a man through recklessness,
Might do the Craft scant worship.

Week 15     January 14, 2018

Ninth Article

The ninth article showeth full well,
That the Master be both wise and strong;
That he no work undertake,
Unless he can both end and make;
And that it be to the lord’s profit also,
And to his Craft, wheresoever he go,
And that the ground be well taken,
That it neither flaw nor crack.

Week 16      January 21, 2018     

Tenth Article

The tenth article is for to know,
Among the Craft, to high and low,
There shall no Master supplant another,
But be together as sister and brother,
In this curious Craft, all and some,
That belongeth to a master mason.
Nor shall he not supplant no other man,
That hath taken a work him upon,
In pain thereof that is so strong.
That weigheth no less than ten pounds,
But if that he be guilty found,
That took first the work on hand;
For no man in Masonry
Shall not supplant another securely,
But if that it be so wrought,
That in turn the work to nought;
Then may a Mason that work crave,
To the lord’s profit for it to save
In such a case if it do fall,
There shall no Mason meddle withal.
Forsooth he that beginneth the ground,
If he be a Mason good and sound,
He hath it securely in his mind
To bring the work to full good end.

Week 17     January 28, 2018

Eleventh Article

The eleventh article I tell thee,
That he is both fair and free;
For he teacheth, by his might,
That no Mason should work by night,
But if it be in practicing of wit,
If that I could amend it.

Week 18   February 4, 2018

Twelfth Article

The twelfth article is of high honesty
To every Mason wheresoever he be,
He shall not his fellows’ work deprave,
If that he will his honesty save;
With honest words he it commend,
By the wit that God did thee send;
But it amend by all that thou may,
Between you both without doubt.

Week 19   February 11, 2018

Thirteenth Article

The thirteenth article, so God may save,
Is if that the Master a ‘prentice have,
Entirely then that he may teach,
And measurable points that he may tell,
That he the Craft may ably know,
Wheresoever he go under the sun.

Week 20    February 18, 2018

Fourteenth Article

The fourteenth article by good reason,
Showeth the Master how he shall do;
He shall to him no ‘prentice take,
Unless diverse cares he have to make,
That he may within his term,
Of him diverse points may learn.

Week 21     February 25, 2018

Fifteenth Article

The fifteenth article maketh an end,
For to the Master he is a friend;
To teach him so, that for no man,
No false maintenance he take them upon,
Nor maintain his fellows in their sin,
For no good that he might win;
Nor no false oath suffer him to make,
For dread of their souls’ sake,
Lest it would turn the Craft to shame,
And himself to very much blame.

Week 22      March 4, 2108

Plural Constitutions
First Point

At this Assembly were points ordained more,
Of great lords and Masters also,
That who will know this Craft and come to estate,
He must love well God and holy church always,
And his Master also that he is with,
Wheresoever he go in field or enclosed wood,
And thy fellows thou love also,
For that thy Craft will that thou do.

Week 23      March 11, 2018

Second Point

The second point as I you say,
That the Mason work upon the work day,
As truly as he can or may,
To deserve his hire for the holy day,
And truly to labor on his deed,
Well deserve to have his reward.

Week 24    March 18, 2018

Third Point

The third point must be severely,
With the ‘prentice know it well,
His Master’s counsel he keep and close,
And his fellows by his good purpose;
The privities of the chamber tell he no man,
Nor in the Lodge whatsoever they do;
Whatsoever thou hearest or seest them do,
Tell it no man wheresoever you go;
The counsel of hall, and even of bower,
Keep it well to great honor,
Lest it turn thyself to blame,
And bring the Craft into great shame.

Week 25    March 25, 2018

Fourth Point

The fourth point teacheth us also,
That no man to his Craft be false;
Error he shall maintain none
Against the Craft, but let it go;
Nor no prejudice he shall not do
To his Master, nor his fellow also;
And although the ‘prentice be under awe,
Yet he would have the same law.

Week 26       April 1, 2018

Fifth Point

The fifth point is without doubt,
That when the Mason taketh his pay
Of the Master, ordained to him,
Full meekly taken so must it be;
Yet must the Master by good reason,
Warn him lawfully before noon,
If he will not occupy him no more,
As he hath done there before;
Against this order he may not strive,
If he think well for to thrive.

Week 27     April 8, 2018

Sixth Point

The sixth point is full given to know,
Both to high and even to low,
For such case it might befall;
Among the Masons some or all,
Through envy or deadly hate,
Oft ariseth full great debate.
Then ought the Mason if that he may,
Put them both under a day;
But loveday yet shall they make none,
Till that the work day be clean gone;
Upon the holy day you must well take
Leisure enough loveday to make,
Lest that it would the work day
Hinder their work for such a fray;
To such end then that you may draw,
That they stand well in God’s law.

Week 28     April 15, 2018

Seventh Point

The seventh point he may well mean,
Of well long life that God us lend,
As it descrieth well openly,
Thou shalt y they Master’s wife lie,
Nor by they fellows’, in no manner wise,
Lest the Craft would thee despise;
Nor by thy fellows’ concubine,
No more thou wouldst he did by thine.
The pain therefore let it be sure,
That he be ‘prentice full seven year,
If he forfeit in any of them
So chastised then he must be;
Full much care might there begin,
For such a foul deadly sin.

Week 29     April 22, 2018

Eighth Point

The eighth point, he may be sure,
If thou hast taken any cure,
Under thy Master thou be true,
For that point thou shalt never rue;
A true mediator thou must needs be
To thy Master, and thy fellows free;
Do truly all that thou might,
To both parties, and that is good right.

Week 30    April 29, 2018

Ninth Point

The ninth point we shall him call,
That to be steward of our hall,
If that you be in chamber together,
Each one serve other with mild cheer;
Gentle fellows, you must it know,
For to be stewards all in turn,
Week after week without doubt,
Stewards to be so all in turn about,
Amiably to serve each one other,
As though they were sister and brother;
There shall never one another cost
Free himself to no advantage,
But every man shall be equally free
In that cost, so must it be;
Look that thou pay well every man always,
That thou hast brought any victuals eaten,
That no craving be made to thee,
Nor to thy fellows in no degree,
To man or to woman, whoever he be,
Pay them well and truly, for that will we:
Thereof on thy fellow true record thou take,
For that good pay as thou dost make,
Lest it would thy fellow shame,
And bring thyself into great blame.
Yet good accounts he must make
Of such goods as he hath taken,
Of thy fellows’ goods that thou hast spent,
Where and how and to what end,
Such accounts thou must come to,
When thy fellows wish that thou do.

Week 31   May 6, 2018

Tenth Point

The tenth point presenteth well good life,
To live without care and strife;
For if the Mason amiss,
And in his work be false I know,
And through such a false excuse
May slander his fellows without reason,
Through such slander of such fame
May make the Craft acquire blame,
If he do the Craft such villainy,
Do him no favor securely,
Nor maintain not him in wicked life,
Lest it would turn to care and strife;
But yet him you shall not delay,
Unless that you shall him constrain,
For to appear wheresoever you will,
Where that you will, loud and still;
To the next assembly you shall him call,
To before his fellows all,
And unless he will before them appear,
The Craft he must need foreswear;
He shall then be punished after the law
That was founded by old day.

Week 32    May 13, 2018

Eleventh Point

The eleventh point is of good discretion,
As you must know by good reason;
A Mason, if he this Craft well know,
That seeth his fellow hew on a stone,
And is in point to spoil the stone,
Amend it soon if that thou can,
And teach him then it to amend,
That the lords’ work be not spoiled,
And teach him it to easily amend,
With fair words, That God thee has lent;
For His sake that sit above,
With sweet words nourish His love.

Week 33      May 20, 2018

Twelfth Point

The twelfth point is of great royalty,
There as the assembly held shall be,
There shall be Masters and fellows also,
And other great lords many more;
There shall be the sheriff of the country,
And also the mayor of the city,
Knight and squires there shall be,
And also alderman, as you shall see;
They shall maintain it all together
Against that man, whatsoever he be,
That belongeth to the Craft both fair and free.
If he any strife against them make,
Into their custody he shall be taken.

Week 34     May 27, 2018

Thirteenth Point

The thirteenth point is to us full lief,
He shall swear never to be no thief.
Nor succor him in his false craft,
For no good that he has bereft,
And thou it know or sin,
Neither for his good, or his kin.

Week 35     June 3, 2018

Fourteenth Point

The fourteenth point is full good law
To him that would be under awe;
A good true oath he must there swear
To his Master and his fellows that be there;
He must be steadfast be and true also
To all this ordinace, wheresoever he go,
An to his liege lord the king,
To be true to him over all thing.
And all these points here before
To them thou must need be sworn,
And all shall swear the same oath
Of the Masons, be they lief be they loath,
To all these points here before,
That hath been ordained by full good lore.
And they shall enquire every man
Of his party, as well as he can,
If any man may be found guilty
In any of these points specially;
And who he be, let him be sought,
And to the assembly let him be brought.

Week 36     June 10, 2018   

Fifteenth Point

The fifteenth point is full good lore,
For them that shall be there sworn,
Such ordinance as the assembly was laid
Of great lords and Masters before said;
For the same that be disobedient, I know,
Against the ordinace that there is,
Of these articles that were moved there,
Of great lords and Masons all together,
And if they be proved openly
Before that assembly, by and by,
And for their guilts no amends will make,
Then must they the Craft forsake;
And no Masons Craft they shall refuse,
And swear it never more to use.
But if that they amends make,
Again to the Craft they shall never take;
And if that they will not do so,
The sheriff shall come them soon to,
And put their bodies in deep prison,
For the trespass that they have done,
And take their goods and their cattle
Into the king’s hand, every part,
And let them dwell there full still,
till it be our liege king’s will.

The Articles and Points outlined above are to serve as the components of your Masonic obligations and teachings. Recognize them? Perhaps a summary from the York Rite College of North America will help for you.

 1. The Master Mason must be steadfast, trusty and true and render perfect justice to both workman and his employer.
 2. The Master Mason shall be punctual in his attendance at the general congregation or assembly.
 3. The Master must take no apprentices for less than seven years.
 4. The Master must take no apprentices who are bondsman, but only such as are free and well born.
 5. The Master shall not employ a thief or maimed man for an apprentice, but only those who are physically fit.
 6. The Master must not take craftsman wages for apprentice’s wages.
 7. The Master must not employ an immoral person.
 8. The Master must maintain a standard of efficiency by not permitting incompetent workmen to be employed.
 9. The Master must not undertake to do work which he cannot complete.
10. No Master shall supplant another in the work undertaken.
11. The Master shall not cause the Mason to work at night except in pursuit of knowledge.
12. The Master must instruct his apprentice in everything they are capable of learning.
13. No Master shall speak evil of his fellow’s work.
14. The Master shall take no apprentices for which he has not sufficient labor.
15. The Master is not to make false representations nor compromise the sins of his fellows.

 1. Those who would be Masons and practice the Masonic art are required to love God and his holy church, the master for whom they labor and their Masonic Brethren for his is the spirit of Masonry.
 2. The Mason must work diligently in working hours that he may lawfully refresh himself in the hours of rest.
 3. The Mason must keep the secrets of his Master, his Brethren and the lodge faithfully.
 4. No Mason shall be false to the Craft, but maintain all its rules and regulations.
 5. The Mason shall not murmur at fair compensation.
 6. The Mason shall not turn a working day into a holiday.
 7. The Mason shall restrain his lust.
 8. The Mason shall be just and true to his Brethren in every way.
 9. The Mason shall treat his Brethren with equity and in the spirit of brotherly love.
10. Contention and strife shall not exist between Brethren.
11. The Mason shall his Brother kindly about any error into which he may be about to fall.
12. The Mason must maintain every order of the assembly.
13. The Mason must not steal or protect one who does.
14. The Mason must be true to the laws of Masonry and to the laws of his country.
15. The Mason must submit to the lawful penalty of any offense he may commit.

Week 37    June 17, 2018

Another Ordinance of the Art of Geometry

They ordained there an assembly to be hold,
Every year, wheresoever they would,
To amend the faults, if any were found
Among the Craft within the land;
Each year or third year it should be held,
In every place wheresoever they would,
Time and place must be ordained also,
In what place they should assemble to.
All the men of the Craft they must be,
And other great lords, as you must see,
To mend the faults the he there spoken,
If that any of then be then broken.
There they shall be all sworn,
That belongeth to this Craft’s lore,
To keep their statutes every one
That were ordained by King Althestane;
These statutes that I have here found
I ordain they be held through my land,
For the worship of my royalty,
That I have by my dignity.
Also at every assembly that you hold,
That you come to your king liege hold,
Beseeching him of his high grace,
To stand with you in every place,
To confirm the statutes of King Althestane,
That he ordained to this Craft by good reason.

Week 38    June 24, 2018    

St. John the Evangelist Day

The art of the four crowned ones

Pray we now to God almighty,
And to his mother Mary bright,
That we may keep these articles here,
And these points well together,
As did these holy martyrs four,
That in this Craft were of great honour;
They were as good Masons as on earth shall go,
Gravers and image makers they were also.
For they were workmen of the best,
The emporer had to them great liking;
He willed of them an image to make
That might be worshipped for his sake;
Such monuments he had in his day,
To turn the people from Christ’s law.
But they were steadfast in Christ’s law,
And to their Craft without a doubt;
They loved well God and all his lore,
And were in his service ever more.
True men they were in that day,
And lived well in God’s law;
They thought no monuments for to make,
For no good that they might take,
To believe on that monument for their God,
They would not do so, though he was furious;
For they would not forsake their true faith,
And believe on his false law.
The emperor let take them soon anon,
And put them in deep prison;
The more sorely he punished them in that place,
The more joy was to them of God’s Grace.
Then when he saw no other one,
To death he let them then go;
By the book he might it show
In the legend of holy ones,
The names of the four crowned ones.
Their feast will be without doubt,
After Hallow-e’en eighth day.
You may hear as I do read,
That many years after, for great dread
That Noah’s flood was all run,
The tower of Babylon was begun,
As plain work of lime and stone,
As any man should look upon;
So long and broad it was begun,
Seven miles the height shadoweth the sun.
King Nebuchadnezzer let it make
To great strength for man’s sake,
Though such a flood again should come,
Over the work it should not take;
For they had so high pride, with strong boast
All that work therefore was lost;
An angel smote them with diverse speech,
That never one knew what the other should tell.

Week 39   July 1, 2018

The reference to the Masonic teachings of our Symbolic lectures is found at the end of the document.

Many years after, the good clerk Euclid
Taught the Craft of geometry full wonder wide,
So he did that other time also,
Of diverse Crafts many more,
Through high praise of Christ in heaven,
He commenced in the sciences seven;
Grammar is the first science I know,
Dialect the second, so have I bliss,
Rhetoric the third without doubt,
Music the fourth, as I you say,
Astronomy is the fifth, by my snout,
Arithmetic the sixth, without doubt,
Geometry the seventh maketh an end,
For he is both meek and courteous.
Grammar forsooth is the root,
Whoever will learn on the book;
But art passeth in his degree,
As the fruit doth the root of the tree;
Rhetoric measureth with ornate speech among,
And music it is a sweet song;
Astronomy numbereth, my dear brother,
Arithmetic sheweth one thing that is another,
Geometry the seventh science it is,
That can separate falsehood from truth, I know
These be the sciences seven,
Who useth them well he may have heaven.

This is followed by many verses about being in a place of worship and the necessary demeanor therein. Much advice is given about behavior in one’s life and religion.  It speaks of cleanliness and keeping one’s tools sharp and prepared. It speaks to behavior also such as not talking with a mouth full of food.  Manners and attitudes are broadly addressed.   It speaks to listening when other are talking and using discretion in our language.
The last verse refers to the use of the Great Light of Masonry and also to the work of our Craft.

“Well this book to know and read,
Heaven to have for your reward.
Amen! Amen! So mote it be!
So say we all for Charity.”

May these passages trigger for us a better awareness and understanding of the centuries of our Craft which is unchanging and ever relevant. May it aid in our efforts to fulfill our Masonic obligations and duties.

Now dear children by your wit
Pride and covetousness that you leave it,
And taketh heed to good discretion,
And to good nurture, wheresoever you come.
Now I pray you take good heed,
For this you know must needs,
But much more you must know,
Than you may find here written.
If thee fail thereto wit,
Pray God to send thee it;
For Christ himself, he teacheth us
That holy church is God’s house,
That is made for teaching else
But for to pray in, as the book tells us;
There the people shall gather in,
To pray and weep for their sin,
Look thou come not to church late,
For to speak harlotry by the gate;
Then to church when thou dost fare,
Have in thy mind ever more
To worship the lord God both day and night,
With all thy wits and even thy might.

Masonic Biblical References and Reminders

© Grand Chapter Royal Arch Masons of Ohio 2018